Aryan Diffusion (Part 4)

Mesopotamia

“I can only state that the etymological signification of Arya seems to be “one who ploughs or tills,” and that it is connected with the root of arare. The Aryans would seem to have chosen this name for themselves as opposed to the nomadic races, the Turanians, whose original name Tura implies the swiftness of the horseman.” – Max Mueller

The contemporary confusion between the racial term “Aryan” and the linguistic term “PIE” (“proto-Indo-European”) was entirely created by late 18th century Western academia, and is even worse than that between the racial term “Jew” and the linguistic term “Semite”. There is no doubt that the word ”Aryan” (at least in the form it appears in classical-era texts) is a PIE-derivative language word, in the same way that the word ”Pygmy” is a Greek language word. But no more does the latter imply that Greek-speakers equate to Pygmies than should the former imply that PIE-derivative-speakers equate to Aryans. The correct way to figure out what kind of people each word describes is to look at the etymology of the word, not the language of the word, in each case.

Given that farming well predates PIE, the earliest racial Aryans were surely not PIE-speakers. It is further worth noting that PIE was a purely oral language, therefore surely did not originate together with settled civilization that gave rise to writing systems. Rather, some (not all) populations of early PIE-derivative-speakers must have adopted the Neolithic lifestyle (including writing) from Aryans as they encountered and intermarried with them, following which they began describing themselves too as Aryan – on account of lifestyle and blood, not on account of language. So it was in ancient Iran, which formally established the distinction between the Aryan (ie. settled, agricultural) way of life and the Turanian (ie. nomadic, pastoral) way of life, as demonstrated in the Shahnameh. The ancient Iranians used these not as linguistic terms (evidence being that, while the PIE-derivative-speaking Iranians described themselves as Aryan, many populations that they described as Turanian were also PIE-derivative-speakers e.g. Scythians (meaning “archers”)), but as cultural and hence geographic terms: the arable region to the south was referred to as Iran (meaning “Aryan territory”); the pastoral region to the north was referred to as “Turan” (meaning “Turanian territory”).

One etymological meaning of ”Iran” is “hospitable”, which could refer to the characteristics of Iran’s soil compared to Turan’s. (Hitler encouraged the people of Iran to refer to themselves as “Iranians” rather than “Persians”.) Note also that what the Iranians called “Turan” is only a small part of the full Turanian steppe, which stretches from Mongolia to Khazaria.

To understand the significance of this distinction requires returning to the beginning of the Aryan narrative not just in Iran but in the entire region around the Tigris-Euphrates basin bounded by the Seven Seas, a region of varied ecology able to support similarly varied human lifestyles in close proximity with each other.

 The blue area leading east to the Indus Valley was covered on the previous page. The blue area in the south, known as Punt, will be covered on the next page. This page examines the blue area between the Mediterranean Sea and the Persian Gulf, commonly known as the Fertile Crescent.

Natufian culture in Palestine, where an unusual abundance of wild crops supplemented hunting to enable a rare case of pre-Neolithic sedentary life, can be taken as corresponding to the mythical Eden inhabited by Adam and Eve according to the Tanakh. The story of the divide in the next generation between Cain who became a farmer and Abel/Seth who became herders (with Cain heroically killing Abel) then represents the divergent evolutionary pathways among the former Natufian people as they migrated away from Palestine and intermarried with more primitive populations along the way. The Sethites were to gradually expand northwards into the Turanian steppe that offers the best pastoral land for their herds, and hence gradually to become Turanians*. As for the Cainites, besides being responsible for the acculturation of former hunting/fishing settlements between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean coast, such as Jericho (originally pronounced ”Ariha” meaning “fragrant”; “I believe that arôma, in the sense of perfume, had the same origin; for what is sweeter or more aromatic than the smell of a ploughed field?” – Max Mueller), it had been conventionally assumed that the spread of cultivated barley across the entire Fertile Crescent region was solely their work. On the other hand, the possibility that Cain was the son of Eve not with Adam but rather with her teacher the Serpent (who was not a snake as popularly assumed, but entirely human) has been proposed by both Judaic and Gnostic theorists, the latter further asserting that Cain was a sun-worshipper.

(* For simplicity, all Sethites on this page will be referred to as Turanians (even if they did not reach the Turanian steppe) until they begin to use more specific identities e.g. Israelite, Jew, etc. to describe themselves.)

As with later Iran, Turanian territory bordered Fertile Crescent Aryan territory from the north since the very beginning of the Neolithic era. Similar relative positioning was previously seen in India, China and Japan, all of which share Aryan blood memory of a hostile Turanian north.

Recent archaeological evidence has ascertained two contemporaneous but distinct events of barley domestication from that period, one spreading from Palestine, the other spreading from somewhere in Iran, thus discrediting the conventional assumption in favour of a scenario involving at least one other Aryan diffusion additional to the Cainites. In which case, it is entirely within the bounds of possibility that the Serpent was a lone Aryan traveller from this other clan who had managed to reach Palestine - indeed this would account for his ability to teach outside knowledge to Eve, most notably the knowledge of good and evil as related in myth. This in context implies that the Cainites could simply be a splinter group of this wider Aryan clan.

External link: Transition to Farming Simultaneous Across Most of Fertile Crescent

 Circles indicate barley cultivation; asterisks indicate barley domestication; red and blue indicate distinct forms. It is virtually impossible for such a pattern to arise from a single origin of cultivation.

This is substantiated by Sumerian mythology, corresponding roughly to Ubaid culture in archaeology, which specifies that the benevolent gods such as Nisaba, Enbilulu, Enkimdu and Ninbarsegunu (all of whom are described as experts in cereal cultivation, irrigation and other Neolithic crafts) and their leader Enlil, inventor of the hoe, originated from a homeland known as Dilmun, located not west but east of the Tigris-Euphrates basin. Possible candidates for Dilmun include Isfahan and Anshan, believed to be among the oldest Neolithic farm sites yet discovered in the region, part of a conjectured (but as yet archaeologically unconfirmed) “Zayandeh River civilization”. These locations are deeply surrounded by the Zagros Mountains, consistent with Ninhursag (meaning “Lady of the Sacred Mountain”) also being described as a Dilmun native.

On the other hand, at the same time as the Dilmun people were discovering the Tigris-Euphrates basin, so were the Turanians from above the Fertile Crescent, and on location were also the indigenous Gentiles – collectively referred to as Zarzians in archaeology - whose populations rapidly increased with the introduction of the new lifestyles. As urbanization and mixing of bloodlines occurred, several stories provide clues regarding the broad ideological dynamics among the emerging Ubaid people. While the economically valuable Aryan crafts were enthusiastically adopted, other elements of Aryan culture did not take root nearly as effectively, with sun-worship never being more than one minor cult among the various other polytheistic cults. By contrast, Turanian skills had less economic value but were directly applicable in social interaction, enabling urbanized Turanians to be aggressive competitors for status and influence. Increasing the confusion was the fact that the Zarzians viewed Aryans and Turanians not as two different groups, but as a single foreigner group more advanced than themselves, which they called the Anunnaki.

External link: Debate between Sheep and Grain

External link: Inanna Prefers the Farmer (scroll down)

“Slowly but steadily he began to take part in the economic life around him; not as a producer, however, but only as a middleman. His commercial cunning, acquired through thousands of years of negotiation as an intermediary, made him superior in this field to the Aryans, who were still quite ingenuous and indeed clumsy and whose honesty was unlimited; so that after a short while commerce seemed destined to become a Jewish monopoly.” – Adolf Hitler

Of particular note is the step-by-step planned demolition of Enlil by the Turanian mastermind Noah Enki. Under Enlil, all the Ubaid people spoke one language, but Enki deliberately introduced variations in speech between one clan and another so as to cause the breakdown of transparent communication and encourage the division of society along clan lines. He and his followers could then function as interpreters between clans and thus control the flow of information, allowing easy promotion of his followers, such as Dumuzid (known as “The Shepherd”) of Bad-Tibira, to positions of power. From this vantage point, Enki - who had been spending the rest of his time studying irrigation engineering - then executed the earliest ever recorded false flag operation to finish off Enlil.

To reach Eridu via settled migration, the Zayandeh people would have had to first travel a short distance east, then northwest to Samarra, then follow the downstream Tigris-Euphrates basin southeast, thus going around the Zagros Mountains.

Once in a while, Wikipedia nails it.

 Samarra pottery is widely considered to be the first uniform standard from which all Ubaid pottery subsequently developed. It is likely that the Dilmun people brought with them to Eridu some acculturated Zarzians from Samarra, corresponding in myth to the Igigi whom Enlil put to work digging canals once they arrived in Eridu. It appears that Enki herded the Igigi into refusing to work for Enlil any longer (possibly by getting them addicted to wine), so that Enlil ended up having to employ (at Enki’s suggestion) the previously unacculturated Zarzians (in myth simply ‘Man’) around Eridu to do the job instead. But were these replacement workers actually servants of Enki?

In the myth of the great flood, Enki not only took credit for saving people and flocks from the flood by building boats ahead of time, and for ‘ending’ the flood by performing animal sacrifices with everyone watching, but moreover blamed the flood on Enlil (a convincing lie from a material perspective since it was apparently Enlil’s workers who built the canals), which most people believed, thereby destroying Enlil’s reputation and allowing Enki himself to rise. To figure out who really caused the flood, refer to the Tanakh version, known as Noah’s Ark.

With Aryan intellectual influence thus decimated, visual portrayals of so-called ’sun gods’ in post-Ubaid cultures display corruption across the board. For example, the supposed ‘sun god’ Asshur went from a simple sun-disc to a man carrying a bow and arrow, while the supposed ‘sun god’ Istanu went from a simple sun-disc to a man carrying a herder’s staff! And irrespective of the claim of descent from the supposed ‘sun god’ Utu by Lugulbanda of Uruk, he too was known as “The Shepherd”! (“There never was and there never can be any killing of innocent birds and beasts, — be it as offerings to the Sun — in a real Golden Age.” – Savitri Devi) Similarly, the worldview of these later cultures was based on worldly incentives, absent of any concept of salvation. Gods in general came to be viewed ever less as spiritual teachers and ever more as protection racketeers. Ironically, this superstitious worldview made it not harder but easier for the elites to organize the masses, and hence create more material wealth than less superstitious communities, which then only convinced the masses that their superstitions were justified. In this way, the Sethites completed their vicarious revenge for the Serpent fathering Cain, a revenge esoterically celebrated in the myth of the sadistic butchery of Tiamat by Marduk (a son of Enki).

“If it be shown that a people owes the fundamental elements of its culture to foreign races, assimilating and elaborating such elements, and if subsequently that culture becomes fossilized whenever the external influence ceases, then such a race may be called the depository but never the creator of a culture.” – Adolf Hitler

The new elite presumably had the iconography changed to reflect their Turanian phenotype, consistent with the mythical development of Marduk’s advisor Nabu usurping Nisaba in matters of writing. On the other hand, many peasants would have still possessed the Aryan phenotype.

Only a fraction of Turanians gradually became willing to integrate with non-Turanians across the Fertile Crescent over time. Those who refused, namely the twelve clans descended from Jacob, developed an Israelite tribal identity specifically for the sake of maintaining separation from everyone else. When a local town leader invited the Israelites to integrate and offered marriage between his son and Jacob’s daughter Dinah, the Israelite response was to kill every non-Israelite male in the town. This event marks the beginning of non-Israelite disgust towards Israelite racism. This was not ”anti-Semitism” - many non-Israelite Semitic-speakers (e.g. King Sargon I of Akkad) were highly respected for their integrationist efforts. Israelites were also disliked for their practice of usury, prompting the need for anti-usury laws to be passed everywhere they went.

“The Jew began by lending out money at usurious interest, which is a permanent trade of his. It was he who first introduced the payment of interest on borrowed money. The danger which this innovation involved was not at first recognized; indeed the innovation was welcomed, because it offered momentary advantages.” – Adolf Hitler

Away from the large states of Elam, Sumeria, Babylonia and Assyria that had arisen around the Tigris-Euphrates basin and had since been preoccupied with power rivalry, Aryan culture had one more chance to recover. A hitherto politically unimportant people, the Avestans, inhabited the border between arable and pastoral land in northeastern Iran, practicing farming and herding simultaneously. Although initially settled by the sun-worshipping King Gayomart (a Dilmun emigrant?) according to local lore, corresponding to the original Neolithic spread of wheat and barley via Jeitun culture, the eventual Bronze Age-Iron Age Avestans represented in archaeology by Yaz culture were of thoroughly mixed Aryan and Turanian ancestry, the latter from the heterodox faction of a steppe clan whose orthodox descendants became the Vedics (see previous page), hence the Ahura/Asura vs Daeva/Deva war. This finds mythical elaboration in Arnavaz and Shahrnaz of the Pishdadian Dynasty marrying Dahag who had usurped the throne with the assistance of the Daeva, and subsequently remarrying Feridun after he had retaken the throne from Dahag. Arnavaz’s son Iraj was allocated the land that hence became known as Iran, and Shahrnaz’s son Tur was allocated the land that hence became known as Turan (it is unclear whether they are sons of Dahag or Feridun), but Tur killed Iraj out of anger that Iraj had been given the better land, thus sparking the long-term hostility between the two lands. While Dahag is quite clearly of steppe origin (being described as the owner of ten thousand horses; also, Scythians are referred to as Daheans in Old Iranian sources), it is likely that the Pishdadian royal bloodline had been corrupted with steppe blood even earlier: Yima (brother of Arnavaz and Shahrnaz, from whom Dahag seized the throne) is himself described as a shepherd, and even Hushang, the founder of the Pishdadian dynasty, is credited with teaching both farming and herding to the primitives nearby, matching archaeological evidence from Jeitun culture. By this analysis, the last pure Aryan royal should actually be Hushang’s father/Gayomart’s son Prince Siamak, who had been killed in duel (supposedly against the Son of Ahriman) before he had ever inherited the throne. On the positive side, Iraj’s wife was said to have been a princess from Yemen, who might have therefore infused new (Puntian) Aryan blood into the Pishdadian royal bloodline.

There were also Zarzians who had picked up pottery and other Neolithic crafts but who continued the hunting lifestyle, corrresponding to Kelteminar culture (not shown on this map). This fits the story of Gayomart encountering primitives who lived in mountain caves and wore leopard skins. It is said that Gayomart looked like a 15-year-old boy compared to them, which could refer to Aryan neoteny. We additionally speculate that the “Son of Ahriman” who killed Siamak in duel refers to a hostile Zarzian leader (whom Hushang eventually killed in revenge).

It is uncertain whether the renowned astrologer Zoroaster, who claimed 45th generation descent from Gayomart, was born among the Avestans or whether he travelled to them from elsewhere, but he devoted his life to the task of re-purifying Avestan culture. Based on universal and impartial morality, condemning the social hierarchy, rituals and animal sacrifices of Turanian influence in favour of active community service and spontaneous works of charity and justice in daily life, Zoroastrianism emphasizes more than any other religion in the world the dualistic cosmic conflict between good and evil (echoing what the Serpent had taught Eve), and more importantly mirroring the Aryan-Turanian conflict in the mixed Avestan blood itself which Zoroaster exhorted the Aryan side to win.

“The Vendidat epitomises all this in the sublime words: Whoever sows grain, sows saintliness. But struggling man is surrounded by evil and temptation. To be able to oppose these forces successfully, Zoroaster invokes the Aryan blood which calls upon every Persian to serve the god of light. After death, good and evil are separated forever. In a final struggle, Ahura Mazda defeats Ahriman and constructs his kingdom of peace.” – Alfred Rosenberg

As expected, Zoroaster was unsuccessful. The Avestans had enough Aryan blood to condemn the Vedics and to recognize Zoroaster as a great teacher, but not enough to maintain his teachings (excepting a few explicit instructions such as the duty to protect cows from violence). Whether or not Zoroaster himself was slaughtered by Turanian raiders as legend claims, the Avestans following his death soon slipped back into their old Turanian-inherited mindset, but using Zoroastrian terminology to do so, thereby (probably unintentionally) corrupting Zoroastrianism. Zoroaster taught of Ahura Mazda (“Mazda” derives from root “med-” meaning “wisdom”; the Buddhist term “Metta”, the Greek archetype ”Metis” and even the English word “meditate” have the same origin) as the sole creator of truth and hence the source of all that is good in the world - hence providing a definition of good as solely those things which move us towards truth. He taught of Ahriman as the creator of all falsehoods (including the Daeva worhsipped by the Vedics) that could mislead us into perceiving illusionary good in what is not truly good. Thus the contest between Mazda and Ahriman was meant by Zoroaster to be a contest between the one true value system and all false value systems. The Avestan mind, on the other hand, degraded Mazda and Ahriman into primaeval creator gods who created respectively all the ‘good’ things and all the ‘bad’ things in the world according to anthropocentric values (e.g. Mazda created cows and nutritious plants, whereas Ahriman created insects and poisonous plants), thus picturing the contest between Mazda and Ahriman as a mere contest between humanistic convenience and inconvenience. It took more than another thousand years before Iran produced an individual (see below) who understood what Zoroaster was really saying.

External link: Manichaeism

Meanwhile, Moses (Jew) had been instructing the Israelites in his newly developed religion of Judaism. (“This very day I will begin to put the terror and fear of you on all the nations under heaven. They will hear reports of you and will tremble and be in anguish because of you.” – Tanakh) With their new fully Jewish identity (“When Yahweh brings you into the land which you are entering to take possession of it, and clears away many nations before you, … your part is to exterminate them, never parleying with them, never pitying them. There must be no bonds of marriage between you; as thou wouldst deny thy daughter to any son of theirs.” – Tanakh) and improved tactics to go with it such as disease warfare, combined with their ancestral nomadic prowess with bows and other ranged weapons, Zionism at once established itself as the supreme danger to all non-Jews in the region from the Jericho massacre by Joshua (Jew) onwards. (“Joshua alone was responsible for the massacre of thirty-one kings, with all their people. Among those nations exterminated in these predatory raids were several who had yielded themselves trustingly to him.” – Dietrich Eckart) Terror attacks all across Palestine continued (“And what good-natured peoples they were who, one after another, were completely exterminated! Delitzsch, who has thoroughly investigated that period, writes, for example, about the Canaanites: on all the hills, under every shady tree, they rendered adoration and reverence to the sun god.” – Adolf Hitler) until the establishment of the Kingdom of Israel by Saul (Jew) and David (Jew). As the only ethnostate in the entire region – all other states were folkish states, hence the Tanakh-originated literary metaphor of ”Babylon vs Zion” – the Jews knew it would be perceived as a threat by its powerful eastern neighbours. The countermeasure devised by Solomon (Jew) was to orchestrate his territory’s (apparent) ‘divide’ into the nominal Kingdom of Israel and Kingdom of Judah so as to camouflage the actual source of their cohesion (racial Jewishness) and hence diplomatically deceive their non-Jewish neighbours to ally with one kingdom against the other (when in fact the two kingdoms shared all their information with each other under the table, thus both obtaining information about non-Jewish political intent freely handed to them by gullible non-Jews that they would never have obtained had they stayed as one kingdom).

“The Jews are masters at fitting in to their surroundings, without in any way changing their nature. They are mimics. They have a natural instinct that senses danger, and their drive for self-preservation usually gives them the proper ways and means to escape danger at no risk to their lives or any need for courage. It is difficult to detect their sly and slippery ways. One has to be an experienced student of the Jews to recognize what is happening.” – Joseph Goebbels

The hexagram consists of two triangles pointing in opposite directions which can be separated and joined as tactically required. Those who focus on the separated triangles fail to see the Seal of Solomon.

This ruse paid off when Assyria turned anti-Zionist but was duped into moving only against the Kingdom of Israel instead of against both Jewish states simultaneously. This gave the Jews from the Kingdom of Israel the perfect excuse to ‘flee’ into the neighbouring states, and gave the Kingdom of Judah ample time to coordinate with these Zionist agents now lodged abroad to prepare for eventual hostility against itself. Thus, no sooner did Babylon under anti-Zionist King Nebuchadnezzar II invade the Kingdom of Judah than did Avestan Persia under Zionist useful idiot Cyrus I then invade Babylon and give the land right back to the Jews (whom Nebuchadnezzar had not killed, but instead had provided with free housing and free civic education hoping to integrate them as Babylonians). And when anti-Zionist politician Haman of Agag attempted to tackle Zionist infiltration in Persia, Zionist agents Mordecai (Jew) and Esther (Jew) intercepted him and killed him along with all his sympathizers. (“The Jews … still, after all this enormous time, celebrate in the synagogues their heroic deed concerning the [murder of] seventy-five thousand Persians, in the feast of Purim.” – Dietrich Eckart) Jews in Persia did not waste the opportunity to further twist Avestan religion by nonchalantly offering it the Abrahamic fallacy: since Mazda was the creator of everything good, and since free will is surely good, Mazda must have created Ahriman who then used his free will to create evil (ie. evil is good).

The Son of Morning (also designer of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon)

The Jews were winning because non-Jews throughout the region, following the natural tribal tendencies of their Gentile blood memory, were failing to act as a united force against Jewry. Subsequent anti-Zionist religious thought thus increasingly emphasized the practical consideration of building an international anti-Zionist coalition based on universalist ethics. The coalition informally existed as a network of Gnostic-leaning (including Buddhist) intellectual sects focused on arguing against Judaic theology, together with practical vigilantes known as Amalekites who were especially appalled by Jewish forced circumcision of children and who hence specialized in revenge mutilations of Jews who had violated children in this way. But, lacking charismatic leadership, the network was failing to break into mainstream acceptance.

Jesus of Nazareth, a Galilean craftsman, made the first attempt at becoming the leader following his return from travel and study, during which he had already built a reputation as the most gifted ascetic of his time to the extent that his unknown paternal ancestry led to rumours of superhuman descent (“It’s certain that Jesus was not a Jew. The Jews, by the way, regarded Him as the son of a whore.” – Adolf Hitler), but was put to death by the Zionist-controlled state when he had barely begun to develop Christianity as ideological foundations for revolution, following which Zionist agent Paul (Jew) then immediately corrupted Christianity. Mani of Ctesiphon, a Persian aristocrat, saw what happened to Jesus and tried to avoid a similar fate by becoming a government official himself to promote Manichaeism and organize the coalition with state support, but after a promising start was also put to death following a change of monarch in Persia. Mohammed of Mecca, an Arabian salesman, saw what happened to Mani and realized that the coalition could not gamble solely on state support, but needed an independent military of its own, hence Mohammedanism. This approach proved to be the effective one, and within ten years the entire Arabian peninsula had been reclaimed from Jewish domination. But Mohammed had made the fatal mistake of allowing defeated Jews to convert to his religion, with the result that Zionist agents arranged first his poisoning and then the immediate corruption of Mohammedanism.

Later Mohammedan-inspired groups across the region such as Sufism, Alawism/Alevism, Ismailism, Qarmatism, Ali Ilahian and others attempting to keep the anti-Zionist coalition alive were no more practically threatening to Zionism than the pre-Christian Gnostic sects had been. Manichaeism, though persecuted by Avestan traditionalists, lasted for many centuries (notwithstanding the confusion caused by Mazdakism), but eventually died out. All the while, the Jews had been continuing to tactically upgrade Judaism by writing first the Jerusalem Talmud and then the Babylonian Talmud, and reinvigorating Jewish blood by converting their fellow Turanians in Khazaria to Judaism.

“The ideal in this, just like in every respect whatsoever, is Christ; his words “You judge by human standards; I pass judgment on no one” show the completely divine freedom from the influence of the senses, the overcoming of the earthly world even without art as an intermediary. At the other end you find Heine and his race … the motive, in subjugating the world, and the less this works, the more hate-filled their work becomes that is to satisfy their motive, the more deceitful and fallacious every try to reach the goal.” – Dietrich Eckart

The Jews, however, were not at ease, having witnessed the threat to Zionism that could arise without warning at any time led by an outstanding individual of Aryan blood, what Zoroaster had called the Saoshyant personality that he promised would appear in the world time and time again through the ages for as long as it might take until Ahriman was completely defeated. In effect reinforcing Zoroaster’s promise, Jesus had pledged to personally return to the world a second time to fight the Antichrist (ie. Jewish Messiah), and Mohammed had assured his followers that he would send a Mohammedan greater than himself, the Mahdi, to fight the Dajjal (ie. Jewish Messiah). Thereupon the Jews began to plan a counterstrategy to firstly control timing such that both these leaders appear simultaneously, and secondly to trick them into each identifying the other as his foe and hence attacking each other instead of the Jewish Messiah. To control the timing of their appearance would require Jewish control over the economics and politics of the entire world. To trick them into attacking each other would require the poisoning of each and every future Aryan-originated ideology using Gentile blood. Thus the Jews began to put their plan into action.

But if these leaders could be so tricked, they would by definition not be Saoshyants in the first place. Thus all the Jews are really doing is creating Gentile tribal leaders to fight each other over tribal interests. This will not prevent our heroic Saoshyants - who fight not to promote the interests of their own group, but purely out of a sense of duty to destroy evil - from appearing also. The decisive question is whether or not, when the time comes, ordinary people will be able to distinguish between the former and the latter, for this in turn will determine which prophesized eschatology – Zion victorious, or Babylon reunited to destroy Zion - will come to be fulfilled.

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